The participation of the Ecological Department Professot Valentina Pidlisniuk in the World Summit on climate chnage.
Copenhagen - 15 : signal for changes!
At present there exists only one international document regulating the emissions of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere – the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC or FCCC).
Under the Protocol signed in 1997, 37 industrialized countries and countries with economies in transition commit themselves to a reduction of average greenhouse gases emissions.
The chief goal of the Convention and Protocol is to achieve the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. The Kyoto Protocol is mostly implemented within the period of 2008-2012 and it terminates in 2012.
Thus there is an urgent need to prepare and ratify a new international treaty regulating the greenhouse gases emissions and creating incentives for energy conservation, applying alternative energy sources and «pure technologies». At present developing countries suffer from the substantial negative effects of climate change namely from the problematic access to water, increase of catastrophes, natural disasters resulting in emergence of so called «ecological migrants».
It becomes evident that developed countries accounting for the essential quantity of greenhouse gases emissions have also to work out financial and institutional methods to help developing countries particularly with adaptation measures.
Aiming at discussion of these important issues World Summit on Climate Change was assembled in the capital of Denmark, Copenhagen and held between December 7 and 18. Under the UNO data Summit was attended .by the governmental delegations representing 192 countries, the total number of registered participants reached to 45000 people.
Unfortunately through certain technical points namely due to mass riots, demarches of certain delegations at Summit starting from December 14, unprecedented safety precautions were taken and the number of participants were reduced to 15000 people. The total number of participants taking part in the meeting was 115 heads of the states and governments, namely German delegation was headed by the its chancellor – Angela Merkel, USA delegation was led by the President Barack Obama, French delegation was headed by its President Nicolas Sarkozy, the delegation of Russia was headed by the President Dmytrii Medvedev.
Unfortunately Ukraine was not an «active player» in the process of the preparation for Summit and perhaps that’s why it was not represented on the high level. The leader of Ukraine delegation was Igor Lupaltsov heading the Bureau for Ecological Investments with the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine. Nevertheless 33 participants were registered from Ukraine delegation including representatives of the Ministry of Ecology, Cabinet of Ministries, non-governmental organizations and journalists as well.
In general Ukraine view on greenhouse gases emissions reduction was not sufficiently grounded, out of date and did not rely on the energy conservation, implementation of low-carbon technologies. Probably due to that Summit called Ukraine a «climatic dinosaur».br>
World Summit in Copenhagen didn not result in signing a great environmental treaty as it had been expected though on the lat night of December 19 it was reached an agreement between the main countries contributing greatly to greenhouse gases emissions that is USA, China, South Africa, Brazil and India. These countries signed Copenhagen Treaty aiming at achieving reduction of warming on Earth by 2 degrees by 2020 and establishing International Environmental Fund which is expected to collect 10 billions of US dollars annually by 2012 and reach 100 billions of US dollars by 2020.
The Fund budget becoming effective from 2010 is planned to be used in the first place for adaptation measures in those countries which are currently suffering from the climate change.
Copenhagen Treaty is presently open for signing therefore there is a hope for more countries to join it and attain the set goals during 2010.
Besides the official negotiations Summit held many workshops, work meetings, conferences every day.
During the Summit time Copenhagen turned into a huge scene for spreading the ecological actions and propaganda. Various meetings and gathering of international organizations were arranged on squares, new technologies and scientific achievements on energy conservation were presented, alternative energy sources, the potential of new technologies were demonstrated e.g. pumps working on biofuel, «low –energy house» that is an example of energy conservation.
In the city there was put up a «wall of supporters of counteraction to climate change» on which everyone could leave a message. Also one could see an environmental theater staging exhibitions of pictures and movies dedicated to the climate change.
December 16-18 Professor of the Ecological Department of Kremenchuk Mykhaylo Ostrogradskiy State University Valentina Pidlisniuk took part in the Summit as an expert, accredited by the European foundation of climate change and water resources.
She participated in the workshop on climate issues, territories development and water supply arranged within the accompanying events. There she told about Youth Campaign on climate change carried on in Ukraine and involved students of Kremenchuk Mykhaylo Ostrogradskiy State University, National university of Bioresources and Nature Management and Kamianets-Podilsk National University.
Furthermore Professor Valentina Pidlisniuk had a meeting with the representative of the German Federal Ministry for Ecology and Nature Preservation Lars Anderson and representative of the Ministry of Ecology of Denmark Leila Veit-Ênudsen and discussed with them the possibilities for cooperation in the educational and scientific filed.
On the invitation of Madam Veit-Ênudsen Professor Pidlisniuk paid a visit to the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Denmark that is working on the cooperation with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in the field of energy supply.
Taking into account the importance and extreme urgency of researches on climate change, necessity of institutional methods elaboration, implementation of the adaptation and reaction to climate change, universities and scientific centers in developed countries play an important part in the sphere of educational studies and trainings. Thus it would be proper to start such researches and programs in Kremenchuk Mykhaylo Ostrogradskiy University and give a new incentive for the development of scientific and educational schools dealing with the climate change issues in the state.
So far this position is vacant within Ukraine!
Professor of the Ecological Department Valentina Pidlisniuk