American lecturer David Fisher at KrNU
06.03.13 On the first lecture about the fight for civil rights in the USA David Fisher acquainted the audience, mainly future translator and interpreters, with the cartoon genre in general. It was discovered that this genre appeared in the beginning of the 20th century and became popular very quickly. Cartoons are still printed in the leading American newspapers and magazines. They are popular among readers because of their aptness and ability to scorn or approve economic, political or everyday life in America.
But cartoons are not as simple as they might appear for the first glance. The skill of creating cartoons includes not only the talent of artist. A cartoonist should understand deep processes in different spheres of life in the society. That is why understanding of the image depends on the knowledge and erudition of the reader.
And the audience attending the lectures will confirm obviously it. For example, it would be impossible to interpret the meaning of symbols used by cartoonists for representing events concerning the fight for equal civil rights without knowledge of certain events in the U.S. history. It is due to the lector that the students learned about Rosa Parks, a symbolic person for Americans. She was a black woman who refused to give up her seat in the bus to a white man because of being tired. It happened in 1955. According to the legislation of that time Afro-Americans were to go by bus in its end while white men had the best seats. As a result Rosa Parks was arrested by police.
The brave step of this woman became an impulse for organizing the bus boycott. After 11 months of obstinate resistance the black men received what they wanted: The U.S. Supreme Court recognized the race discrimination to be illegal.
Thanks to the bus boycott the world learned the name of Martin Luther King, faithful and fair advocate of the rights for Afro-Americans.
At the highest point of the lecture there came an understanding of segregation problem that still existed in the USA despite having a black President Barack Obama for the second term.
The day of February 26 was very intense for David Fisher. Immediately after the lecture he had a meeting with Mykhaylo Zagirnyak, KrNU Rector. They discussed the possible ways of cooperation between our university and University of Texas in Brownsville.
Afterwards the lector had an opportunity to make the acquaintance with our university and town, to walk along the Dnipro quay. The guest was excited by Ukrainian ancient history. He was delighted by our town. As historian David Fisher admitted our town which was more than 550 had longer history than any of the U.S. cities or towns.
Then the guest was warmly received by lecturers at the Faculty of Law, Humanity and Social Sciences. The lecturer discussed the issues concerning the system of education in the USA, its advantages and disadvantages. The lecturers were interested in the process of giving marks to student, which had given up the idea of using multiple choice assignments abroad.
Staying in Ukraine David Fisher delivers lectures for his students on-line. The tests are also organized with the help of Internet.
The next day there were two more lectures with a new portion of information for the audience about the usage of atomic bombs and Watergate scandal.
In the USA the consequences of bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki became evident only in 1995 when Smithsonian Museum was going to organize an exhibition dedicated to the 50th anniversary of these events. The debates began in the American society as to the expediency of such event. The veterans of the World War II were categorically against the exhibition because they had never doubted the rightness of decisions accepted by the American government during the military operations. Simultaneously historians insisted on clearing up the true consequences of the decisions accepted in the past. The museum has to change the exhibition four times but it was never been opened. But the main thing was raising the ethical issue of using the weapons of mass annihilation.
The lecture about Watergate scandal in 1972 appeared to be as interesting as the previous one. The audience was pleased to find out they had the lecture David Fisher deliver to his students in the USA. Everyone draw a very useful lesson out of it: the punishment for your worthless action is less than the punishment for the leis used to cover it.
On the same day the guest delivered a lecture in the reading hall of the library for everyone who wanted to hear it. Students from the 10th school, 4th lyceum, pedagogical college and our university came to the lecture once more.
The audience approved the lectures delivered by David Fisher. The speech of the foreign lecturer was accompanied by numerous disputes and comments. Thanks to his efforts the students understood the importance of learning history (both their own and the foreign one). Two days passed in the atmosphere of cooperation and mutual understanding.